How to Toggle Password Visibility in Javascript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to toggle password visibility in javascript. It is a very basic and common pattern to provide your website visitors the ability to mask and unmask a password in the login or signup form. It is only done so that a visitor can make sure that the password entered in the input field is correct.

In HTML, when you set the type of an input field as text, it makes the text in the input field visible but if you set the type to password, then that text will be masked with dots.

In javascript, we have access to type property and with the help of that, we can get and set type of an input element dynamically. We are going to take advantage of it to accomplish our goal

In the following example, we have one password field and a checkbox right next to it.  Depending upon the state of the checkbox, we will mask or unmask the password. Please have a look over the code example and the steps given below.


  • We have 3 elements in the HTML file (div, input, and label). The div element is just a wrapper for the rest of the elements.
  • One of the input elements is of type checkbox and has text “Show” as a label.
  • We have done some basic styling using CSS and added the link to our style.css stylesheet inside the head element.
  • We have also included our javascript file script.js with a script tag at the bottom.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
        <input type="password" placeholder="Enter Password">
        <label><input type="checkbox">Show</label>
    <script src="script.js"></script>
body {
    text-align: center;

div {
    display: inline-block;

input {
    display: inline-block;
    padding: 10px 20px;


  • We have selected both the input elements using the document.querySelector() method and stored them in the input and checkbox variables.
  • We have attached a click event listener to the checkbox input element.
  • In the event handler function, we are using the if else statement and checked property of the checkbox input element to verify whether the checkbox is checked or not. The checked property returns a Boolean value and depending upon that, we are changing the type of the input using type property. If checked, we will set the type to text.  Otherwise, we will set it to password.
let input = document.querySelector('input[type="password"]');
let checkbox = document.querySelector('input[type="checkbox"]');

checkbox.addEventListener('click', () => {
    if(checkbox.checked) input.type = 'text';
    else input.type = 'password';