How to Make Positive Value Negative in Javascript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to make positive value negative in javascript. Calculating anything is difficult without numbers. Combining the digits 0 through 9 together yields a number. For a newbie developer, it can be a bit tricky to make positive value negative.

There are numerous ways to make positive value negative. But for the sake of simplicity, we will make use of  Math object.  This object contains a lot of methods and properties which can help us in various mathematical operations. One of those methods is the abs() method.

The abs() method returns an absolute value of a number. Regardless of the direction, finding a number’s distance from zero on the number line will yield its absolute value. Absolute value is the value that persists after a number loses any prior negative sign. The absolute value of -2 is 2.

In the following example, we have an input field in which we will enter a random number. Upon click of a button, we will make positive value negative and display that on the screen.  Please have a look over the code example and the steps given below.


  • We have 4 elements in the HTML file (divinputbutton, and h1). The div element is just a wrapper for the rest of the elements.
  • The innerText for the button element is “Get” and for the h1 element, it is “Result”.
  • We have done some basic styling using CSS and added the link to our style.css stylesheet inside the head element.
  • We have also included our javascript file script.js with a script tag at the bottom.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">


  <div class="container">
    <input type="number" placeholder="Enter Number">

  <script src="script.js"></script>

.container {        
    text-align: center;

button {
  margin-top: 10px;
  padding: 10px 20px;

input {
  display: block;  
  margin: 10px auto;
  padding: 10px 20px;

input[type=number]::-webkit-outer-spin-button { 
  -webkit-appearance: none; 
  margin: 0; 


  • We have selected the input element, button element, and h1 element using the document.querySelector() method and stored them in inputbtnGet, and output variables respectively.
  • We have attached a click event listener to the button element.
  • In the event handler function, we are storing the value of the input element in the num variable.
  • We are calling the abs() method to get the absolute of num and we are prefixing it with negative sign.  We are storing the number in the result variable.
  • We are displaying the result in the h1 element using the innerText property.
let input = document.querySelector("input");
let btnGet = document.querySelector("button");
let output = document.querySelector("h1");

btnGet.addEventListener("click", () => {
  let num = input.value;
  let result = -Math.abs(num);
  output.innerText = result;