How to Check if String is Letter in Javascript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to check if string is letter in javascript. Any character that is not part of English alphabet is considered to be a non-letter character. This means both numbers and special characters are non-letter characters.

There are numerous ways to check if a string is a letter. We are going to use one of the easiest solutions which involve the usage of the match() method and ternary (?) operator. The match() methods matches a string against a regular expression. If the match is found, it returns an array of matches, otherwise returns null. The ternary operator is also known as the conditional operator which acts similar to the if-else statement.

In the following example, we have one global variable and upon click of a button, we will check if the string is a letter and display the result on the screen.  Please have a look over the code example and the steps given below.


  • We have 3 elements in the HTML file (div, button, and h1). The div element is just a wrapper for the rest of the elements.
  • The innerText for the button element is “Check” and for the h1 element, it is “Result”.
  • We have done some basic styling using CSS and added the link to our style.css stylesheet inside the head element.
  • We have also included our javascript file script.js with a script tag at the bottom.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">


  <div class="container">    

  <script src="script.js"></script>

.container {        
    text-align: center;

button {
  margin-top: 10px;
  padding: 10px 20px;


  • We have selected the button element and h1 element using the document.querySelector() method and stored them in btnCheck and output variables respectively.
  • We have attached a click event listener to the button element.
  • We have a global variable myVar which holds a string as its value.
  • In the event handler function, we are calling isLetter() method and passing myVar as a parameter. This method will verify if the string is a letter and will return either true or false.
  • In the isLetter() method, we are checking length of the string and making sure it is not more than 1 character. We are also using match() method to check if myVar is a letter.
  • Depending upon the returned value, we will assign “Yes” or “No” to the result variable.
  • We are displaying the result in the h1 element using the innerText property.
let btnCheck = document.querySelector("button");
let output = document.querySelector("h1");

let myVar = "z";

btnCheck.addEventListener("click", () => {
  let result = isLetter(myVar) ? "Yes" : "No";
  output.innerText = result;

function isLetter(str) {
  return str.length === 1 && str.match(/[a-z]/i);