How to Check if String is Empty or has only Spaces in it using Javascript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to check if string is empty or has only spaces in it using javascript. A string is considered to be empty when it does not have any characters or content in it and as a result, the length of that string will always be 0. But when it comes to spaces, they are considered as valid content and the length of the string will never be zero.

There are certain primitive types in javascript and string is one of them. As the name suggests, any variable that holds a plain text as its value is considered to be of string type.

There are numerous ways to detect whether a string is empty or has only spaces in it. But for the sake of simplicity, we will use a strict equality operator (===) and trim() method to accomplish our goal. The trim() method returns a new string after removing spaces at the beginning and the end of a given string.

In the following example, we have one global variable that holds a string. Upon click of a button, we will check whether it is empty or has only spaces in it and display the result on the screen.  Please have a look over the code example and the steps given below.


  • We have 3 elements in the HTML file (div, button, and h1). The div element is just a wrapper for the rest of the elements.
  • The innerText for the button element is “Check” and for the h1 element, it is “Result”.
  • We have done some basic styling using CSS and added the link to our style.css stylesheet inside the head element.
  • We have also included our javascript file script.js with a script tag at the bottom.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">


  <div class="container">    

  <script src="script.js"></script>

.container {        
    text-align: center;

button {
  margin-top: 10px;
  padding: 10px 20px;


  • We have selected the button element and h1 element using the document.querySelector() method and stored them in btnCheck and output variables respectively.
  • We have attached a click event listener to the button element.
  • We have a global variable myString which holds only spaces as its value.
  • In the event handler function, we are using a strict equality operator (===) and trim() method to verify whether myString is empty or contains only spaces. Depending upon the result of the check, we will assign “Empty” or “Spaces” to the result variable.
  • We are displaying the result in the h1 element using the innerText property.
let btnCheck = document.querySelector("button");
let output = document.querySelector("h1");

let myString = "     ";
let result;

btnCheck.addEventListener("click", () => {
  if (myString === "") {
    result = "Empty";
  } else if (myString.trim() == "") {
    result = "Spaces";

  output.innerText = result;