How to Check if String Does Not Contain Special Characters in Javascript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to check if string does not contain special characters in javascript. Almost all unreadable and punctuation characters fall into the category of special characters.

There are numerous ways to check if a string does not contain special characters. But for the sake of simplicity, we will use the regular expression and ternary operator (?) to accomplish our goal. The test() method of RegExpObject is used to perform a pattern search in a string and returns a Boolean value.

In the following example, we have one global variable that holds a string. Upon click of a button, we will check if the string does not contain special characters and display the result on the screen.  Please have a look over the code example and the steps given below.

HTML & CSS

  • We have 3 elements in the HTML file (div, button, and h1). The div element is just a wrapper for the rest of the elements.
  • The innerText for the button element is “Check” and for the h1 element, it is “Result”.
  • We have done some basic styling using CSS and added the link to our style.css stylesheet inside the head element.
  • We have also included our javascript file script.js with a script tag at the bottom.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
  <title>Document</title>
</head>

<body>

  <div class="container">    
    <button>Check</button>
    <h1>Result</h1>
  </div>

  <script src="script.js"></script>
</body>

</html>
.container {        
    text-align: center;
}

button {
  margin-top: 10px;
  padding: 10px 20px;
}

Javascript

  • We have selected the button element and h1 element using the document.querySelector() method and stored them in btnCheck and output variables respectively.
  • We have attached a click event listener to the button element.
  • We have a global variable myString which holds a string as its value.
  • We have the regExp variable which holds a regex pattern as its value to match special characters.
  • In the event handler function, we are calling the test() method of regExp and passing myString as a parameter. It will return a Boolean value which we are storing in the hasSpecialCharacters variable.
  • Further, we are using the ternary operator (?) and NOT logical operator (!). Since we are using NOT logical operator (!), it will reverse the result.
  • Depending upon the result of the check, we will assign “No Special Characters” or “Special Characters” to the result variable.
  • We are displaying the result in the h1 element using the innerText property.
let btnCheck = document.querySelector("button");
let output = document.querySelector("h1");

let myString = "Hello World!";
let regExp = /[`[email protected]#$%^&*()_+\-=\[\]{};':"\\|,.<>\/?~]/g;


btnCheck.addEventListener("click", () => {

  let hasSpecialCharacters = regExp.test(myString)
  let result = !hasSpecialCharacters ? "No Special Characters" : "Special Characters";
  output.innerText = result;
  
});