How to Check if String Contains Exact Word in Javascript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to check if string contains exact word in javascript. A word is formed with help of multiple letters and a sentence is a combination of multiple words. All these words have small whitespace in between them which makes them meaningful and readable.

There are numerous ways to detect whether a string contains an exact word or not. But for the sake of simplicity, we will use the regular expression and ternary operator (?) to accomplish our goal. The test() method of RegExpObject is used to perform a pattern search in a string and returns a Boolean value.

In the following example, we have one global variable that holds a string. Upon click of a button, we will check whether it contains an exact word or not and display the result on the screen.  Please have a look over the code example and the steps given below.


  • We have 3 elements in the HTML file (div, button, and h1). The div element is just a wrapper for the rest of the elements.
  • The innerText for the button element is “Check” and for the h1 element, it is “Result”.
  • We have done some basic styling using CSS and added the link to our style.css stylesheet inside the head element.
  • We have also included our javascript file script.js with a script tag at the bottom.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">


  <div class="container">    

  <script src="script.js"></script>

.container {        
    text-align: center;

button {
  margin-top: 10px;
  padding: 10px 20px;


  • We have selected the button element and h1 element using the document.querySelector() method and stored them in btnCheck and output variables respectively.
  • We have attached a click event listener to the button element.
  • We have a global variable myString which holds a string as its value.
  • In the event handler function, we have a variable word that holds string "World" as its value.
  • We are creating a regex pattern using word variable and assigning it to the pattern variable.
  • We are using RegExp constructor to create a RegExp object and assigning it to the regExp variable.
  • We are calling the test() method of regExp and passing myString as a parameter. It will return a Boolean value which we are storing in the isMatch variable.
  • We are using the ternary operator (?) and checking whether isMatch is true or false. Depending upon the result of the check, we will assign “Yes” or “No” to the result variable.
  • We are displaying the result in the h1 element using the innerText property.
let btnCheck = document.querySelector("button");
let output = document.querySelector("h1");

let myString = "Hello World Application";

btnCheck.addEventListener("click", () => {

  let word = 'World';
  let pattern = `\\b${word}\\b`;
  let regExp = new RegExp(pattern, 'g');
  let isMatch = regExp.test(myString)
  let result = isMatch ? "Yes" : "No";
  output.innerText = result;