How to Check if Input Field has Value in Javascript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to check if input field has value in javascript. In HTML, an input field is created using either input element or textarea element. Input element is suitable for a single line text content and textarea element is suitable for multiline text content. From a developer perspective, it can be a bit tricky to find if an input field has a value.

There are numerous ways to check if an input field has a value. But for the sake of simplicity, we will use value property of the input element. It will return the string present in the input element.

In the following example, we have one input field where we will enter some random text. Upon click of a button, we will check if the input field has a value and display the result on the screen.  Please have a look over the code example and the steps given below.


  • We have 4 elements in the HTML file (div, input, button, and h1). The div element is just a wrapper for the rest of the elements.
  • The innerText for the button element is “Check” and for the h1 element, it is “Result”.
  • We have done some basic styling using CSS and added the link to our style.css stylesheet inside the head element.
  • We have also included our javascript file script.js with a script tag at the bottom.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">


  <div class="container">    
    <input type="text" />

  <script src="script.js"></script>

.container {        
  text-align: center;

button {
margin-top: 10px;
padding: 10px 20px;

input {
display: block;
padding: 5px 10px;
margin: auto;


  • We have selected the button element, input element, and h1 element using the document.querySelector() method and stored them in btnCheck, inputEl, and output variables respectively.
  • We have attached a click event listener to the button element.
  • In the event handler function, we are getting value from the input field and storing it in the value variable.
  • We are using ternary operator (?) to check if the value is empty or not. If it returns true, that means value variable does contain some valid string and not empty. With conditional operators, an empty string always returns false.
  • Depending upon the result of the check, we will assign “Yes” or “No” to the result variable.
  • We are displaying the result in the h1 element using the innerText property.
let btnCheck = document.querySelector("button");
let inputEl = document.querySelector("input");
let output = document.querySelector("h1");

btnCheck.addEventListener("click", () => {
  let value = inputEl.value;
  let result = value ? "Yes" : "No";
  output.innerText = result;