How to Add Character to the Beginning and End of String in Javascript

In this tutorial, you will learn how to add character to the beginning and end of string in javascript. There are numerous characters in a string. When a string starts and ends with some meaningful characters, it acquires some uniqueness and seems more substantial. For a newbie developer, it can be a bit tricky to add character to the beginning and end of string.

There are numerous ways to add character to the beginning and end of string. But for the sake of simplicity, we will make use of addition operator (+) which helps in concatenating two individual strings.

In the following example, we have one global variable that holds a string. Upon click of a button, we will add character to the beginning and end of string and display the result on the screen.  Please have a look over the code example and the steps given below.


  • We have 3 elements in the HTML file (div, button, and h1). The div element is just a wrapper for the rest of the elements.
  • The innerText for the button element is “Add” and for the h1 element, it is “Result”.
  • We have done some basic styling using CSS and added the link to our style.css stylesheet inside the head element.
  • We have also included our javascript file script.js with a script tag at the bottom.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">


  <div class="container">    

  <script src="script.js"></script>

.container {        
    text-align: center;

button {
  margin-top: 10px;
  padding: 10px 20px;


  • We have selected the button element and h1 element using the document.querySelector() method and stored them in btnAdd and output variables respectively.
  • We have a global variable myString which holds a string as its value.
  • We are displaying myString in the h1 element using innerText property.
  • We have attached a click event listener to the button element.
  • In the event handler function, we have characters "W" and "?" stored in the startChar and endChar variables respectively. We are concatenating them to the myString using addition operator (+) and storing the final string in the result variable.
  • We are displaying the result in the h1 element using the innerText property.
let btnAdd = document.querySelector("button");
let output = document.querySelector("h1");

let myString = `at just happened`;
output.innerText =  myString;
btnAdd.addEventListener("click", () => {  
  let startChar = "W";
  let endChar = "?";
  let result = startChar + myString + endChar;
  output.innerText = result;